From: David Dapkus
Subject: Field Inspection of the Delta River, June 26-30, 1975
A field inspection of that portion of the Delta River from and including Tangle
Lakes to mile 212 Richardson Highway (near Miller Creek) was conducted by a
interagency team as part of a BOR study of the river for potential inclusion in
the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. The river section under study mainly
lies within State selection land and Federal lands. Most are set aside for the
oil pipeline corridor. There are also several private landholdings. The
Richardson Highway parallels the river from Phelan Creek to its confluence with
Tanana River. Participating in the inspection were:
Gerry Zamber, Assistant District Manager, Anchorage District, BLM
Lou Waller, Anchorage District, BLM
Gary Matlock, State Office, BLM
David Dapkus, Alaska Field Office, BOR
Seventeen-foot Grumman aluminum canoes were used for the river inspection.
NOTE: These reports may not
contain important information about: 1) safety, 2) land management and ownership, 3) fishing and other
regulations and 4) possible errors >
Chuck Hewitt, NPS, and I pitched a tent on the Glennallen BLM Area headquarters
land at the offer of Darryl Fish, Area Manager, for the night of June 25. We had
finished the Gulkana River inspection that day. Chuck then returned to Anchorage
on June 26 while I traded the rafts used on the Gulkana for the canoe previously
left at the BLM office and headed for Tangle Lakes.
Arrived at Tangle Lakes campground at Round Tangle Lake (BLM administered) about
1 p.m., set up camp, sorted gear used on the previous trip, and dried one tent.
Spent remainder of the day hiking around the lake and surrounding ridges with
Larry Kayden, BLM Glennallen, looking for 1200-year-old native flint chipping
sites. Scattered patches of snow still remained on the ridges. Gerry, Lou, and
Gary arrived in the evening, brought the second canoe. Weather was clear, sunny,
and warm all day.
Left the vehicles with BLM staff at the lakes, who were to bring them to our
takeout on Sunday. Spent the morning exploring the nearby ridges locking for
flint chipping sites. Left camp at noon, stopped to fish and explore the ridges
around Tangle Lakes several times. Found three probable flint sites. The last of
about five lakes known collectively as Lakes; there are short outlets connecting
each lake making it possible to float from the upper/south end of Round Tangle
Lake, which is accessible from the Denali Highway. The Denali Highway is a
graveled summer road (State) running east/west connecting the Richardson and the
George Parks Highways. The lakes are deep (10' of more) with the outlets
generally shallow 6" to 3'. Very little current in the outlets.
The two miles of river between the lower lake and the portage were fast (4 mph),
rocky, shallow (only inches deep), and about 25 yards wide. It is Class I
whitewater, Due to spring breakup being late, about two weeks prior to trip, the
river was still slightly high and almost opaque.
There is a short falls about 2 1/4 mile downstream of the lower lake that must
be portaged. Because of its funneling character, it is not advisable to run the
falls in any type of boat. BLM has erected a carved wooden sign at the start of
the portage trail inscribed "Delta Falls Portage." The trail is fairly good,
although it was wet and muddy, probably due to the recent breakup. We camped at
the end of the 1/2-mile long portage trail. The entire day was clear, sunny, and
Grayling fishing in Tangle Lakes and the Delta River was superb. The first
mosquitoes hatch was out, giving reason for the grayling to rise well. We
observed about four dozen ducks, several loons, Arctic terns, two beaver, and a
bald eagle. Also saw four bank beaver lodges which due to their excellent
condition were probably in use.
Scenic views along Tangle Lakes and the river are varied - 10,000 to 14,000 foot
high mountains of the Alaska Range in the background and lower tundra covered
hills in foreground which show interesting evidence of past glaciations, and the
Delta Falls - and beautiful. The Delta Falls canyon is about 1/2 mile long and
75' deep with several pinnacle rocks rising from the water's edge.
The first two miles of river from the falls were good Class II whitewater,
rocky, shallow, and fast (4 mph). The canyon becomes a narrow valley immediately
past the falls, but the rock walls of the canyon continue into the valley for
about two miles. The river remains fast and rocky for the next four miles; good
Class I whitewater. It then becomes smooth Class I water until the confluence of
Eureka Creek; there are three deep lake like pools and three braided stretches
in this distance. Water depth varied often from 6" to 6', river width also
varied from 25' to 75', with the current slowing to about 3 mph along this
reach. The Delta River is a clearwater stream until the glacial influx of Eureka
Creek changes it to a glacial river. Tributaries on downstream continue to feed
glacial water into the river. The river appeared to be about 12" higher than
The excellent views of high mountains and tundra covered hills continued along
this part of the river. In addition heavy stands of, willows, white spruce, and
black spruce appeared in the valley about three miles after the falls giving
contrasting colors and shapes to the scenery.
Inspected two cabins, one new on the left bank and one older one on the right
bank. Both are being used and are located about six miles from the falls and 1/
4 mile apart. Also observed several red or yellow painted mining stake markers
in the two miles before Eureka Creek. Grayling fishing remained excellent with
several caught for supper. Observed twelve beaver dams, five beaver, ducks,
Arctic terns, and one cow moose with this year's twin calves. We camped near
Eureka Creek on a gravel bar, which produced several good leaf fossils.
Floated through seven miles of glacial water from Eureka Creek to the takeout
point at mile 212 on the Richardson Highway, arriving at 1 p.m. This reach of
the Delta consists of braided channels from 25' to 200' wide, one inch to six
feet or more deep, and generally flows about 4 mph. Due to the glacial character
we could not judge water depth readily making it difficult to pick the best
channel. It therefore is not good canoeing; would be better rafting water.
Vista's from the river of snow capped mountains, tundra covered hills, and mixed
spruce/birch forest continued along this portion of the river. An old Quonset
hut was resting between channels about three miles downstream of Eureka Creek.
Apparently it was washed down during a breakup of several years ago. Also saw
two more staked mining claims below Eureka Creek. Met two fishermen in a
riverboat about five miles downstream from Eureka Creek; who had put in at mile
Winter ice was still along the edge of the river starting about 1/2 mile above
the takeout and continued intermittently for about two miles. The channel
running next to the shore and usually used to reach the takeout was iced over at
the upstream end and could not be seen. We took the closest channel to the
highway stopping parallel to the takeout but about 200 yards away. We lifted the
canoes onto the 4' thick ice and slid them to shore, found the channel generally
used to be open from the takeout point downstream.
We had lunch and waited about two hours for the BLM staff at Tangles Lakes to
arrive with our vehicles. Lou and I then drove north to Rapids Hunting Lodge
across the Delta from Black Rapids Glacier, a distance of 13 miles. This section
of the Delta is fast (5/6 mph) heavy glacial water. It is also heavily braided.
It is not runable to open canoe, but has been run in rafts and could be run in
kayaks. It is suitable only for the properly equipped (raft/kayak, wetsuit) and
experienced who should plan to take in water/ flip over. The weather had started
as sunny and warm but had turned windy and rain had begun by 3 p.m. Gerry and I
drove to Gakona and spent the night, returned to Anchorage the next day.
The Delta River, including Tangle Lakes, to mile 212 on the Richardson Highway
is an outstanding river to float. It offers varied water-quiet lake, fast and
rocky Class I to the falls, good Class II rapids following the falls, Class I
meandering water to Eureka Creek, and fast glacial water to the takeout. Scenery
is superb with canyon, tundra covered hills, heavy forested areas, and
snow-capped mountains. Wildlife is plentiful -moose, bear, beaver, and
waterfowl, and grayling fishing is excellent. It is also accessible by good
highways at Tangle Lakes and at the takeout on the Richardson Highway. It lies
about halfway between Alaska's two population centers, Fairbanks and Anchorage.
The Delta can be floated in two easy days, thereby making it a favorite weekend
float for the recreationist.
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